At present, there is no specific anti monkeypox drugs in China, mainly symptomatic support and treatment of complications.
Symptomatic support treatment. Stay in bed, pay attention to supplement nutrition and water, and maintain the balance of water and electrolyte. For those with high body temperature, physical cooling is the main factor, exceeding 38.5 ℃, and antipyretic analgesics are given to reduce fever, but attention should be paid to prevent collapse caused by massive sweating.
Keep the skin, mouth, eyes and nose clean and moist, and avoid scratching the skin of the rash to avoid secondary infection. Analgesic drugs can be given when the pain in the rash is serious.
（二）Treatment of complications. In case of secondary skin bacterial infection, effective antibiotics should be given, which should be adjusted according to the results of pathogen culture, isolation and identification and drug sensitivity. Prophylactic use of antibiotics is not recommended. When corneal lesions occur, eye drops can be used, supplemented by vitamin A and other treatments. When encephalitis occurs, sedation, dehydration, intracranial pressure reduction, airway protection and other treatments are given.
（三）Psychological support treatment. Patients often have psychological problems such as tension, anxiety and depression. They should strengthen psychological support, counseling and related interpretation. According to the condition, they should timely ask a psychological specialist for consultation and participate in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and give corresponding drug adjuvant treatment when necessary.
（四）Traditional Chinese medicine treatment. According to the principle of "judging the cause and treating the disease" and "adjusting the three factors", the treatment is based on syndrome differentiation. Those with fever in clinical symptoms are recommended to use Cimicifuga Gegen decoction, Shengsheng powder, Zixue powder, etc; It is recommended to use Qingying Decoction, Cimicifuga Biejia decoction, Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction, etc. for those with clinical symptoms such as high fever, dense pox and rash, sore throat, and multiple lymph node swelling and pain.中医治疗。根据中医“审因论治”、“三因制宜”原则辨证施治。临床症见发热者推荐使用升麻葛根汤、升降散、紫雪散等；临床症见高热、痘疹密布、咽痛、多发淋巴结肿痛者推荐使用清营汤、升麻鳖甲汤、宣白承气汤等。